Green Public Procurement (GPP) is defined in the European Commission’s Communication Public procurement for a better environment as “a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured”.
GPP is a voluntary instrument, which means that individual Member States and public authorities can determine the extent to which they implement it. It can be applied to contracts both above and below the threshold for application of the EU Procurement Directives.
This handbook is designed to help public authorities successfully plan and implement GPP. It explains the possibilities offered by European Union law in a practical way, and looks at simple and effective approaches to greening contracts. For practical reasons the handbook follows the logic and structure of a procurement procedure. It also gives many real examples of green purchasing by public authorities across the EU.
This handbook has been produced for public authorities, but many of the ideas and approaches are equally relevant for corporate purchasers. It should also help suppliers and service providers – particularly smaller companies (SMEs) – to better understand the environmental requirements increasingly encountered in public tenders. Many public authorities in Europe practice not only GPP, but SPP – Sustainable Public Procurement – including environmental and social criteria in their purchasing decisions. This handbook looks speci?cally at the environmental aspects of tendering. The European Commission has published in 2011 Buying Social: A guide to taking account of social considerations in public procurement.
The revised edition of the handbook was published by the European Commissions, in October 2011.
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